A bond issued at a face value to the bond holder. For example, Rs 1000 per bond.
Term to maturity of a bond changes every day from the date of issue of the bond until its maturity.
The issuer has to repay the principal amount on the maturity date.
Total amount invested by the bondholder in a bond issue is the principal amount.
For example you invest Rs 10,000 and you get total 10 bonds with face value worth of Rs 1000 each.
The coupon is the interest rate that the issuer pays to the security holder.
It refers to the periodic interest payments that are made by the issuer of the bond to the bond holder and are expressed as a percentage of the face value.
For example, just like your Bank FD payments.
These bonds have no maturity. The investor gets a fixed interest every year. The issuer generally has a call option to redeem the Bonds after 5-10 years. Issued by Banks and NBFC to meet the capital adequacy requirements.
Have a fixed maturity period of 5-10 years after which the bonds are redeemed to the Investor. Has a coupon or interest rate ﬁxed until maturity of a bond. Issued by PSUs, Banks, NBFCs, Corporates.
These bonds are issued normally by Public Financial Institutions such as REC, NHAI, HUDCO, IIFCL and the annual interest received from these Bonds in tax-free in hands of Investor.
These bonds are eligible for investment of capital gains accrued from the sale of the property. The capital gain invested in these bonds become tax-free. They carry a fixed coupon and have a maturity of 3-5 years
These Bonds are issued by Reserve Bank of India on behalf of Government of India with a fixed maturity of 6 years.
These are the securities issued by corporates to inviting deposits from the public. These FDs have a fixed maturity and fixed coupon.
Raising money through bond issuances, to fund budgetary deficits and other short and long term funding requirements.
FIIs can invest in Government Securities upto US $ 5 billion and in Corporate Debt upto US $ 15 billion.
Consist of municipalities and local bodies, which issue securities in the debt markets to fund their developmental projects, as well as to finance their budgetary deficits.
Market intermediaries appointed by RBI to underwrite and make market in government securities
Have access to the call markets and repo markets for funds.
Large issuers of debt securities, for raising funds to meet the long term and working capital needs.
These corporations are also investors in bonds issued in the debt markets.
Access debt markets with bonds for funding their financing requirements and working capital needs.
They also invest in bonds issued by other entities in the debt markets.
Issue short and long term paper to meet the financial requirements of the corporate sector.
They are also investors in debt securities issued in the debt market.
Large investors in the bond markets
Prudential regulations governing the deployment of the funds they mobilize, mandate investments pre-dominantly in treasury and PSU bonds.
Large investors in the debt markets
They are, however, governed by their rules and byelaws with respect to the kind of bonds they can buy and the manner in which they can trade on their debt portfolios.
An investment banker to the government
Raises funds for the government through bond and t-bill issues
Participates in the market through open-market operations.
Emerged as another important player in the debt markets
Owing primarily to the growing number of bond funds that have mobilized significant amounts from the investors.
Most mutual funds also have specialised bond funds such as gilt funds and liquid.
|Government Securities||Central Government||2-30 Years (Central Govt. Dated Securities), 91 – 364 Days (T Bills), 5 – 13 Years (State Govt. Dated Securities)||Zero Coupon Bonds, Coupon Bearing Bonds, Treasury Bills, STRIPS|
|State Governments||Coupon Bearing Bonds.|
|Public Sector Bonds||Government Agencies / Statutory Bodies||5 – 10 Years||Govt. Guaranteed Bonds, Debentures|
|Public Sector Units||5 – 10 Years||PSU Bonds, Debentures, Commercial Paper|
|Private Sector Bonds||Corporates||15 Days to 1 Year (CP) & (CD), 1 – 10 Years (CD) & Bank Bonds. 1 – 7 Years (Municipal Bonds)||Debentures, Bonds, Commercial Paper, Floating Rate Bonds, Zero Coupon Bonds, Inter-Corporate Deposits|
|Banks||Certificates of Deposits, Debentures, Bonds|
|Financial Institutions||Certificates of Deposits, Bonds|
SEBI Regn. No.: INM000012306 | NSE CM: INB 230637836 | NSE F&O: INF 230637836 | NSE CDS: INE 230637836 | BSE CM: INB 011110237 | BSE F&O: INF 011110237 | MCX-SX: INE 260637836 USE: INE 270637833 | CDSL: a) 120 33500 | b) 12033503 (Delhi) | NSDL: a) IN 301477 | b) IN 301688 (Delhi) | PMS: INP 000000985 | AMFI: ARN -0186
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